Whats leprosy ? leprosy causes, symptoms and treatment

Whats leprosy ? leprosy causes, symptoms and treatment

Whats leprosy:

Leprosy is not a contagious disease. Yet people suffering from this disease have to bear endless pain. Early diagnosis of leprosy is very important because many hide leprosy due to shame, fear and social embarrassment. Universal campaign to understand them.

Whats leprosy Causes of disease:

This disease is caused by the attack of bacteria called Mycobacterium Leprae. This disease can occur even if you have a close relationship with the patient for a long time. Although leprosy is contagious, it is not very contagious. If you mix with leprosy for 5-10 years, you can get this disease. Leprosy is not hereditary.

Infections:

(1) Long relationship.

(2) It can be from the nasal discharge of the affected patient and discharge from the wound.

whats leprosy Symptoms :

According to symptoms, leprosy can be divided into two. Lepromatous and Non-Lepromatous. Lepromatous type- contagious. Non-Lepromatous type is not contagious. The symptoms of Lepromatous Leprosy are again divided into several parts –

(1) Sometimes there is fever with shivering.

(2) The body becomes thin.

(3) Patch comes out later on the leg. Patch- All cheeks are red spots. Appears on the face and neck. Gradually, the scars become round and swollen. The ear lobes, the face are too much for the mother, the hair of the brother falls. The nose becomes sore. The face looks like the face of a lion (Leo Faces).

Nasal membrane (membrane) Patch also comes out. Sore. Foul-smelling. Juice falls. Can spread from nose to mouth and trachea. Sores on hands and feet, fingers fall off.

Symptoms of Non Lepromatus –

It starts with discomfort in the patient’s body, tingling in hands and feet, etc. Later, white spots appear on the face, neck or hands and feet. Their expansion is obvious. There is no sense in the spots or less. Slowly, the disease spreads to nerves and muscles. Nerves become tight like ropes. Stings and pains in hands. Holds too much in the UInar-nerve of the hand.

Slowly other nerves of the body are also affected. Goes to body parts. The numbness spread. Muscles become dry. Various distortions occur. There are sores in different parts of the body.

Leprae Reaction –

It happens during treatment. Sudden fever of the patient, swelling of the lymph gland, burning and pain in the wound. The patient becomes terribly weak. Hives may appear on the body.

Diagnosis:

Early diagnosis is very important. Many people hide this disease for fear of shame, fear and social disaster. Universal campaign to understand them.

(1) According to the signs.

(2) Lepra bacilli are found in nasal swab or ear skin test (in Lepromatous Leprosy).

(3) Lepromin Test will be positive and bacteriological invasion is 1+ (in Non-Lepromatous Leprosy).

(4) AFB test of Smear will be positive in case of Lepromatous.

(5) In case of Non-Lepromatous smear, AFB test is negative.

Whats leprosy Treatment:
1. Treatment of Non Lepromatous –
  • Tab Dapsone-100 mg (Tab Vapsone-100 mg) 1 times a day for up to 6 months.
  • Tab Novophone-50 mg (Tab Novophone-50 mg) 1 time 2 times a day for up to 6 months.

And should be given with this – Cap Zucox – 600 mg (Capzux-600 10 mg) 1 day in 1 day for 6 months.

  • Cap Gocox-300 mg 2 capsules. 1 day together, 1 day a month for 6 months.
  • Cap Sitiox-450 mg (Cap Sitiox-450 mg)

1 day for 6 months for 1 patient weighing less than 40 kg.

2. Lepromatous leprosy treatment –
  • Tab Dapsone-100 (Tab Dapsone-100 mg) 1 times daily for up to 2 years.
  • Tab Novophone-50 mg (Tab Novophone-50 mg) 2 times a day for up to 2 years.

and to be given with 

  • Cap Famcin-600 mg (Cap Famcin-600 mg) 1 time in 1 month for up to 2 years.
  • Cap R-cin-600 mg (Cap R Cin-600 mg) 1 time per month for 2 years.

It should be given along with –

  • CapClofozine-100mg (CapClofozine-100 mg) should be administered once every 1 day for 2 years.
  • Cap Hansepran-100 mg (Cap Hansen-100 mg) should be administered once every 1 day for 2 years.

(b) the following medicine can also be given along with Cap Clofodap (Cap Clofodap) 1 time 1 time daily for up to 2 years.

3. Treatment of Lepra – Reaction (Lepra Reaction)-
  • Tab dapsone 100 mg; 1 times a day. + Cap Gocox – 450 mg.
  • CapR-cin-450 mg (Caprsin-450 mg) 1 every morning on an empty stomach for 15 days up to 1 month.
  • Cap Hansepran – 100 mg (Cap Hansepran-100 mg) 1 time 1-2 times a day for 1 month.

Steroid medicine (Prednisolone) should be given along with it – 

  • It gives good results – Tab Wyslone – 5 mg (Tab Wyslone-5 mg).
  • Tab Deltacortril-5 mg (Tab Vocortril-5 mg) 1 time 4 times a day for 7 days; After 1 3 times a day for 7 days; After 1 2 times a day for 7 days, later.
  • 1/2 3 times a day for 7 days, then 1 1 time a day for 7 days.

As an antidote to all members of the house

  • Dapsone – 50 mg

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